By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed outstanding ethnic and cultural range one of the predicted thirty million humans residing inside of its borders. It used to be maybe the main cosmopolitan country within the world--and potentially the main unstable. a quick heritage of the overdue Ottoman Empire now provides students and common readers a concise historical past of the past due empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked by way of outstanding social switch. relocating earlier common remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes huge historic traits and strategies greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid robust competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and overseas powers. He seems to be heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this historical past isn't just necessary to comprehending smooth Turkey, yet is quintessential to the histories of Europe and the realm. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to lifestyles in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial data and different records from the interval to explain it because it really was once, now not because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a short background of the past due Ottoman Empire is a must-read for an individual looking to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the realm nonetheless grapples with this present day.
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Additional info for A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire
Moreover, the malikâne often had a negative impact on local economies, because the farming out of many local fiscal resources by the central treasury deprived many provincial administrations of traditional sources of income. A major debilitating factor for the Ottoman economy was war. 5 million gurushes paid to Russia in 1775—equivalent to almost half of all state revenues for that year—bloated expenditure; and the need for a bigger and better military required an increasing flow of funds for investment and upkeep.
A customs director collected duties with the help of a local amīr and a handful of soldiers. 14 However, this amount did not even cover the governor’s salary. Ottoman control of the Arabian Peninsula was no better. Despite claims to the entire peninsula, based on pledges of allegiance made by tribal leaders in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, central rule was limited to the coastal areas along the Red Sea and Persian Gulf, and to the Hijāz. Control 10 Stanford J. Shaw, Ottoman Egypt in the Age of the French Revolution by Iuseyn Efendî (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1964), pp.
Leather manufacturer Elhac Hüseyin, son of Mustafa. The total worth of the estate is 371,607 akçes [$55,741]. Recorded on March 12, 1751 (İstanbul Müftülük Arşivi, ŞS 127, f. 30a). 12 books on religion and grammar, including a Qur’ān 24 pieces of clothing (one quilted turban, a turban wrapper, two furs, a belt, a shawl, jackets, trousers, robes, underwear, a pair of boots, and handkerchiefs) 1 personal item (a pair of scissors) 31 household objects (mats, a cotton mattress, mattresses, pillows, five velvet pillows, two large cushions, quilts, quilt covers, a wooden coffer, and a chair) 1 piece of hardware (a candlestick) 5.