By Toby Seddon
Why are a few psychoactive elements considered as ‘dangerous drugs’, to be managed through the legal legislations inside an international prohibition regime, while others – from alcohol and tobacco, via to these we name ‘medicines’ – are obvious and controlled very another way? A background of gear lines a family tree of the development and governance of the ‘drug challenge’ during the last two hundred years, calling into query one of the most primary rules during this box: from ‘addiction’ to the very proposal of ‘drugs’. on the center of the publication is the declare that it used to be with the emergence within the overdue eighteenth century of recent liberal capitalism, with its precise emphasis on freedom, that our issues concerning the intake of a few of those components started to grow. And, certainly, notions of freedom, loose will and accountability stay imperative to the drug query at the present time. Pursuing an cutting edge inter-disciplinary process, A historical past of substances offers an educated and insightful account of the origins of latest drug coverage. it will likely be crucial examining for college kids and lecturers operating in legislations, criminology, sociology, social coverage, background and political technology.
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Extra resources for A History of Drugs: Drugs and Freedom in the Liberal Age
If I love nothing else, I love you! (Wilkie Collins, writer, 1865) Opium was the aspirin of the time [the early nineteenth century]. Contemporaries, with few exceptions, accepted that it was just like any other commodity. Looking at the day book of a ‘chemist and grocer’, for instance, one sees entries for ginger beer and halfgrain morphia pills, or paint, turpentine and laudanum; the drug was simply part of the everyday stock in trade of a general store. (Virginia Berridge, historian, 1982) Introduction There was no ‘drug problem’ in nineteenth-century Britain.
The three events I investigate in turn in Chapters 3, 4 and 5 respectively are each legislative: the Pharmacy Act of 1868, the Dangerous Drugs Act of 1920 and the Drugs Act 2005 (selected extracts from these Acts are presented in the Appendices). This focus on legislation reﬂects my concern with regulatory matters, as set out in the previous chapter. I am not suggesting of course that ‘regulation’ boils down to nothing more than law – that would be entirely antithetical to the body of regulatory scholarship on which I draw in this book and which was introduced in Chapter 1.
Within neoliberalism, Edwards’ notion of the ‘will’ as the ‘mind choosing’ becomes prescription, or even obligation, rather than description. We are no longer just ‘free to choose’; we are obliged to choose so that we can be governed through our preferences and choices. The ‘will’ becomes a central tool of government. 2), again with the caveat that this framework offers no more than a heuristic device. Addiction To many contemporary observers, ‘addiction’ seems to be an unfortunate but near-universal afﬂiction of the modern world from which few, if any, societies or communities are immune.