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March 28, 2017 | Language Grammar | By admin | 0 Comments

By Mario Saltarelli

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This implies an additional definition (B) of pro- and en-'clitics': any word is said to be stressed or unstressed according to whether (in combination with other words in a 'stress group') it carries or does not carry the primary stress. Definitions (A)-(B) are both used in phonological descriptions, yet they intersect contrastively. Thus it seems that stress is characterized by higher grammatical definitions and not by a strictly phonetic criterion. My understanding of the notion of stress which my predecessors appear to have entertained is summarized in the following statements, to which no scholar, to my knowledge, subscribes explicitly.

38 A PHONOLOGY OF ITALIAN Since a binary system has been chosen they recognize (can operate on) only features marked + or —. Condition (1) (iii) requires that the representation of an utterance must be readable independently of anything that is not in the representation exclusively of the knowledge of reading the symbols, of course. Having assumed condition (1) (iv) we consider the phonology to be just an addition to the sequence of rules and structures developed in the syntax. Phonological rules will be constructed which avail themselves of contexts developed earlier and still represented in terms of that syntactic alphabet, if this leads to simple phonological explanations.

The next rule introduces information vital to a simpler formulation of the next group of rules. , specify the feature consonantality as plus in segments which are non-vocalic. It seems that, although ph6 'fills in zeros' as MS rules do, a precise simplicity mechan- 54 A PHONOLOGY OF ITALIAN ism must optimally interpret them in their proper function. , non-distinctive features), but vital for rule formation. Redundant information is used sometimes for distinctive purposes. After ph6 has applied the information is available to the analysis that non-vocalic segments are [-(-consonantal].

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