By Jane Hathaway
This revisionist learn reevaluates the origins and starting place myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, rival factions that divided Egyptian society throughout the 17th and eighteenth centuries, while Egypt was once the most important province within the Ottoman Empire. In solution to the iconic secret surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway locations their emergence in the generalized drawback that the Ottoman Empire—like a lot of the remainder of the world—suffered throughout the early smooth interval, whereas uncovering a symbiosis among Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that was once severe to their formation. additionally, she scrutinizes the factions’ origin myths, deconstructing their tropes and logos to bare their connections to a lot older renowned narratives. Drawing on parallels from a wide range of cultures, she demonstrates with outstanding originality how rituals reminiscent of storytelling and public processions, in addition to making a choice on shades and logos, may serve to augment factional id.
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Additional resources for A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen
Most faction members, particularly by the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, were so far removed from any possible “founding father” of the factions that they were in a position to believe these tales, or at least to suspend disbelief, and even to believe that the factions began with Selim I’s conquest of Egypt. When faction members did remember some great leader, it tended to be one of the two great seventeenth-century Ridvan Beys: Ridvan Bey al-Faqari, the longtime pilgrimage commander, or Ridvan Bey Abu’l-Shawarib the Qasimi.
Qasim] went over to the sultan’s group [jamå˜a] and selected about 100 horsemen, while Dhu’l Faqar took about 100 from his own group. Then they stood before each other, Qasim facing the palace [of al-˜Ayni], Dhu’l-Faqar facing the canal [at the other end of the street]. , they jousted two-by-two] until finally Qasim came out against his brother Dhu’l-Faqar. They went out and engaged in warlike fighting, and Dhu’l-Faqar saw treachery in his brother’s eye once, then again, and saw that he was bearing down on him to kill him.
Every American schoolchild learns the story of George Washington chopping down the cherry tree, then refusing to lie about it. The story is so familiar to Americans that it has become part of our collective memory of our first president, even though we acknowledge that it is probably spurious. George Introduction 15 Washington himself is a cornerstone of American nationalism; he and the other Founding Fathers, as they have come to be known—even though they, of course, never referred to themselves in this fashion— have become part of our national myth, exemplifying what most Americans regard as great about the United States.