By Terry L. Erwin
A synthesis of the type, distributions, and methods of lifetime of the ground-beetles (Coleoptera: Caraboidea) residing within the Western Hemisphere. less than every one taxon account, the old nomenclature, distribution on the state and/or state/province point, and lifestyle, together with Macrohabitat, Microhabitat, Dispersal talents, Seasonal incidence, and behaviour are elaborated. chosen references for every taxon are given in those different types and an intensive, approximately whole bibliography of Caraboidea references for the Western Hemisphere is gifted. The sections on lifestyle comprise the subsequent: Macrohabitat precis, altitudinal distribution in meters, in addition to a common altitudinal category, habitat/microhabitat information, seasonality, and lower than habit notes on diel task, adult/larval hibernation, prey goods, immatures, over wintering, and different notes on habit are provided. info of dispersal energy, or the aptitude of dispersal, i.e. wing situation, flight information, jogging, operating, burrowing and hiking documents, so far as is understood is integrated. Species brought are famous with their possible quarter of beginning. This paintings, deliberate as a seven quantity better half to Larochelle & Lariviere (2003), may be an imperative instrument for anyone drawn to ground-beetles in keeping with se and their average historical past, in addition to their function within the atmosphere and value to agriculture, conservation, and forestry. nationwide, neighborhood, and native libraries will locate this set of instruments good used as a result of great quantity of knowledge that's summarized at those geographical degrees. This paintings follows the class of Erwin (1984), and the nomenclature of Lorenz (2005), as up-to-date on a six month cycle via Erwin (e-data base, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution).
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Additional info for A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica)
BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day under stones. Likely both adults and larvae hibernate. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003) 46 | A TREATISE ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE CARABOIDEA. VOLUME I Nebria (Reductonebria) sahlbergii triad Kavanaugh 1979 TRINITY GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria sahlbergii triad Kavanaugh, 1979:99 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – CA. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Midlands to uplands, 910 – 1740 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Along stream margins on wet ground.
DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in June – September. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day under drift or stones. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003) Nebria (Catonebria) spatulata spatulata Van Dyke 1925 SPATULATE GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria spatulata Van Dyke, 1925:119 Nebria fusiformis Van Dyke, 1926:11 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – CA. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Mountains, alpine zone, 3050 – 3140 meters altitude MICROHABITAT: On brook margins and lake shores on wet ground.
USA – UT. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Mountains, 2290 – 2500 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Wet ground in forest and along edges of mountain streams under stones. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running. SEASONAL SPECIES ACCOUNTS / CARABIDAE | 45 OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in June – August. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day. ) Nebria (Catonebria) purpurata LeConte 1878 PURPLE GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria purpurata LeConte, 1878:477 Nebria mobilis Casey, 1913:50 Distribution: Native, New World.