By Richard Le Heron, Christina Stringer
In the overseas agri-food group no less than 4 theoretical ambitions are attracting expanding recognition. they're: the tested notions of community and commodity chain which are being revisited when it comes to severe engagement knowledgeable by means of the insights of extensive empirical paintings, the metrics of calculation and institutional embedding that underpin the increase and performance of governance applied sciences, where of nearby networking in growing stipulations that make attainable agri-food manufacturer participation in neighborhood provisioning and provide, and the geo-historical dimensions of interconnection and interdependency within the agri-food sphere. This quantity brings jointly an interdisciplinary workforce of anthropologists, economists, buinsess and administration lecturers and geographers to check quite a lot of case experiences illustrating a number of agri-food commodity chains and networks world wide and to debate how those hyperlink globally.
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Extra resources for Agri-Food Commodity Chains and Globalising Networks (The Dynamics of Economic Space)
Social Inclusiveness and Potentials for Poverty Reduction The dominating disintegrated value chains have severe shortcomings not only with regard to the requirements of international markets but also with regard to social inclusiveness. These shortcomings are related to power and information asymmetries and to the absence of learning and upgrading processes. Due to the highly scattered production structure and the lack of effective producers’ organisations, smallholders are dependent on middlemen to take their produce to the market.
While upgrading in the squid sector created several thousand new jobs, the new technology associated with freezer boat ﬁshing – together with exploitative contracts – has meant that working conditions in this globally competitive value chain are very poor indeed. Prospects for improving working conditions are unlikely to arise from the upgrading that is currently occurring within the squid industry. On the contrary, the second phase of upgrading is placing additional ﬁnancial pressures on boat owners; they are unlikely to consider improving working conditions or wages in this context.
2005), ‘Global capitalism and commodity chains: looking back, going forward’, Competition and Change, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 153–80. Bair, J. and Gerefﬁ, G. (2003), ‘Upgrading, uneven development, and jobs in the North American apparel industry’, Global Networks, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 143–69. Bernstein, H. and Campling, L. (2006), ‘Commodity studies and commodity fetishism: trading down’, Journal of Agrarian Change, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 239–64. Charter, S. and Thamae, T. (2004), An Investigation into the Socio-economic Problems Experienced by Chokka Squid Fishers: Port St Francis, Eastern Cape, Norsa 2801 Project, University of Cape Town, Cape Town.