Download An Agricultural Geography of Great Britain. The Commonwealth by D. W. Gilchrist Shirlaw PDF

March 28, 2017 | Geography | By admin | 0 Comments

By D. W. Gilchrist Shirlaw

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T h e rotation adopted will depend on the degree of reliance on home-produced feeds. T h u s where maximum use is to be made of forage crops a cow will require about 0-4 hectare for summer grazing, 0-4 hectare for silage and hay, 0-2 hectare of corn and 0-1 hectare of kale, making a total of just over 1 hectare per cow; this amount would be considerably reduced by higher than average fertilizer applications. In this case the rotation would be simply a three- or four-year ley followed by a corn crop which would be undersown with grass seeds to re-establish the ley, the small area of kale forming part of the corn break.

These are mainly store lambs, but some are sold fat from the better hills. (b) Cast ewes. These are sold at five or six years old for crossing at lower levels with the Border Leicester ram and the production of cross-bred ewe lambs. 31 32 The Farming Systems of Great Britain (c) Wool. T h e clip of a hill ewe is usually 1 -8-2-3 kilos. On a flock of400 ewes this will net about £300 and makes a major contribution to the gross output. (d) Ewe (female breeding) lambs. Generally the lambing percentage of a hill flock will be about 80 per cent.

Fat cattle and dairy farms are found in the well-known grazing areas of Northamptonshire and Leicestershire, and also in South Northumberland and along the Northumberland coast. In South Durham and North Yorkshire and in some areas of Oxfordshire and Northamptonshire there are farms where fat cattle, sheep, milk and cash cropping are all included and it is difficult to name any one enterprise as being dominant. On the larger farms of the chalk lands of South Central England (parts of Wiltshire, Hampshire, Berkshire and Dorset and including the South Downs and, to a less extent, the North Downs and the Cotswolds), corn production is the dominant enterprise with both sheep and dairying utilizing the leys.

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