By Umut Uzer
During this publication, Umut Uzer examines the ideological evolution and transformation of Turkish nationalism from its early precursors to its modern protagonists. Turkish nationalism erupted onto the area degree within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, as Greeks, Armenians, and different minority teams in the Ottoman Empire started to search independence. partially based on the emerging nationalist voices of those teams, Turkish intellectuals started propagating Turkish nationalism via educational in addition to well known books, and later institutions released semipropagandist journals with the aid of the Unionist and Kemalist governments. whereas predominantly a textual research of the first assets written by way of the nationalists, this quantity takes into consideration how political advancements encouraged Turkish nationalism and in addition tackles the query of the way an ideology that begun as a innovative, innovative, forward-looking perfect finally reworked into one who is conservative, patriarchal, and mawkish to the Ottoman and Islamic prior. among Islamic and Turkish id is the 1st ebook in any language to comprehensively learn Turkish nationalism with such scope and engagement with basic resources; it goals to dissect the phenomenon in all its manifestations.
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Extra info for An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity
He expressed with certainty his belief that the Ottoman armies would reach all the way to “the motherland Turan” during World War I. 38 Similar ideas were expressed by Hüseyin Nihal Atsız, who added racism to his worldview. In his definition of nationalism Ömer Seyfettin rejected the notion of racism because there were “no pure races left” in the world. He was of the opinion that searching the genealogy of individuals served no purpose. Anyone who spoke Turkish, was a Muslim, had a Turkish upbringing, and lived according to Turkish traditions should be considered a Turk.
104 Gaspıralı was the first person to devise the theory of pan-Turkism and pioneered in practicing this ideology in real life with his newspaper Tercüman (Interpreter), published in 1883, written in a language intelligible to most Turks living from Bursa in western Turkey to Bukhara in contemporary Uzbekistan. 105 The reason why pan-Turkism was initially articulated by the Tatars was that they had been affected by the twin policies of Christianization and Russification and were encircled by other nationalities, so that they strove to establish closer links with other Turkic peoples through language.
103 He also supported Westernization as well as equal rights for women and tried to develop as pure a Turkish language as possible because he believed that Turkish words were preferable to vocabulary derived from French, Russian, Arabic, Persian, or any other foreign language. 104 Gaspıralı was the first person to devise the theory of pan-Turkism and pioneered in practicing this ideology in real life with his newspaper Tercüman (Interpreter), published in 1883, written in a language intelligible to most Turks living from Bursa in western Turkey to Bukhara in contemporary Uzbekistan.