By Glenn E. Schweitzer and A. Chelsea Sharber, Editors
As a part of a long-standing collaboration on nuclear nonproliferation, the nationwide Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences held a joint workshop in Moscow in 2003 at the clinical features of a global radioactive disposal web site in Russia. The passage of Russian legislation allowing the importation and garage of high-level radioactive fabric (primarily spent nuclear gas from reactors) has engendered curiosity from a few international governments, together with the united states, in exploring the potential of shifting fabric to Russia on a short lived or everlasting foundation. The workshop thinking about the environmental points of the overall situation and features of a potential garage web site, transportation to and in the website, bins for transportation and garage, stock and responsibility, audits and inspections, and dealing with applied sciences.
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Additional resources for An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility: Exploring a Russian Site As a Prototype
National Research Council. One Step at a Time: The Staged Development of Geologic Repositories for High-Level Radioactive Waste. : The National Academies Press, 2003. Problems of Spent Nuclear Fuel Management and Storage Site Selection* M. I. Solonin Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy In this report I will cover the complex fate of the products of existing nuclear technologies, including spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes, as well as the degree to which they affect prospects for the development of the international atomic energy sector.
The main goals of the GEN-IV Program are the following:5 HANDLING SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL 39 • provide sustainable energy generation that meets clean air objectives • minimize and efficiently manage GEN-IV nuclear waste in order to protect the public health and the environment • ascertain the economic competitiveness of GEN-IV nuclear reactors versus other energy-producing technologies • ensure the high level of safety and reliability for GEN-IV systems • maximize the proliferation resistance of weapons-usable material, as well as protect such materials from theft by terrorists The down-selected reactor technologies that GIF has assigned the highest priority are the following: • • • • • • very-high temperature reactor (VHTR) supercritical water-cooled reactor (SCWR) sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) lead-bismuth-cooled fast reactor (LFR) molten salt reactor (MSR) While the international community will study all six concepts, DOE’s GENIV program will place highest priority on the first four.
Here, naturally, there appeared certain individuals and even groups that for various reasons took an interest in ensuring that this fear of radiation became constant among people. We encountered this in Russia in this previous stage in the industry’s development partly because our nuclear power industry had to operate in a closed manner because of its close ties with military programs. Now, however, we are changing: We are building information centers, conducting scientific debates, and publicizing our activities in the media, and radiophobia is lessening among the population.