By Ian Marsh
Advent : a short heritage of the media portrayal of crime and criminals -- utilizing theoretical views at the media to crime -- The media and ethical panics : theories and examples -- The media portrayal of criminals -- The media portrayal of sufferers -- The media and the felony justice process -- New media expertise and crime : cybercrime -- The media, punishment and public opinion
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Additional info for Crime, Justice and the Media
The stability of a society is promoted when there is a reasonable range of different media for people to choose from; so that very popular publications and programmes sit alongside more specialist media offerings. The media, then, are seen as largely driven by the market and consumer demand. These ideas about the role of the market are similar to the pluralist perspective considered next. First, however, it is worth considering a couple of problems with this consensus based, functionalist position.
Marx’s ideas on the media were developed by Gramsci, with his discussion of hegemony, a concept which has been very inﬂuential in theorizing on the relationship between the media and crime (Jewkes 2004). Gramsci’s writings and arguments from prison (1971) had an important inﬂuence on media research, with his argument that the media had a key role to play in ensuring the compliance of the mass of society, so that the ruling groups dominated not merely by force but, more importantly, by gaining the consent of the majority.
However, this does not prove an original cause; rather it suggests an attraction to the behaviour that has got them into trouble in the ﬁrst place and that this attraction is fuelled by the media. Cultural effects theory The early examples of research and theorizing into the effects of the media has been developed in a number of different directions; and, while there might have been ﬂaws in the research undertaken in earlier studies, the basic notions behind effects theorizing are still widely held.