By Peter Wathern
Presents an authoritative modern assessment of either the technology and paintings of EIA, reflecting situation either with the technical features of appraisal and the consequences of EIA at the decision-making strategy.
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Extra resources for Environmental Impact Assessment: Theory and Practice
EISs have also been the subject of much litigation. Many decisions not to produce an EIS for a particular development and the adequacy of many completed EISs have been challenged in the courts. Case law concerning individual EISs has helped to clarify the threshold criteria that trigger the preparation of EISs, namely ‘major federal actions’ and ‘significant impact’. The courts have determined that an adequate EIS is one that contains ‘sufficient detail to ensure that the agency has acted in good faith, made a full disclosure, and ensured the integrity of the process’ (Holland 1985).
BEANLANDS Introduction Scoping and baseline studies are activities that are undertaken at early stages in an environmental impact assessment (EIA). It is difficult to overemphasize the importance of these activities since the success of an EIA will depend largely upon how well they are conducted. Scoping refers to the process of identifying, from a broad range of potential problems, a number of priority issues to be addressed by an EIA. In other words, it is an attempt to focus the assessment on a manageable number of important questions.
When dealing with isolated or reasonably well-defined target populations, it may be possible to assist the community itself to conduct its own scoping programme. By providing financial support or organizational skills, those responsible for conducting an EIA may be able to encourage local people to use existing communication mechanisms to determine community concerns. Where this can be done, it is highly recommended since it increases the credibility of the resulting advice to government and proponents.