By David L. Myers
Legislative waivers except for youths from juvenile court docket have accelerated. Meyers studied info on 557 youths judicially waived in Pennsylvania in 1994. these despatched to grownup court docket have been prone to be published from custody ahead of disposition in their circumstances. of these published, waived juveniles exhibited larger recidivism in the course of the pre-dispositional period of time than did these dealing with juvenile court docket. regardless of the more serious sanctions of grownup courtroom, transferred offenders back displayed higher recidivism through the post-dispositional follow-up interval. ultimately, qualitative interviews with justice officers corroborated statistical effects. The findings recommend a extra selective method of except for youths from juvenile court docket.
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Extra resources for Excluding Violent Youths from Juvenile Court: The Effectiveness of Legislative Waiver (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship)
This emphasis on severe punishment directly contradicts the writings of Beccaria. Furthermore, considering what is known about the deterrent effects of formal sanctions, policies that focus mainly on increasing the severity of punishment are highly questionable. Deterrence Research Although deterrence theory is over 200 years old, its propositions have been empirically tested only during the past few decades (Gibbs, 1975; Paternoster, 1987; Zimring & Hawkins, 1973). Over this time, researchers have distinguished between two types of deterrence: 19 specific deterrence and general deterrence.
This increase in criminal behavior may be due to diminished opportunities for success in legitimate activities, or it may be caused by a process of selfidentification and value development in which the individual that is “labeled” adopts the norms and behavior patterns that are characteristic of the label (Paternoster & Iovanni, 1989; Thomas and Bishop, 1984). , 1993). 42 Excluding Violent Youths From Juvenile Court involvement in future deviant conduct—a deviance amplification effect” (Smith & Paternoster, 1990, pp.
Other modifications included raising the maximum age of the juvenile court’s continuing jurisdiction over youthful offenders and imposing “blended sentences” that combine juvenile and adult correctional alternatives. , 1996). , 1997). There are three primary ways to remove a youth from juvenile court jurisdiction: 13 judicial waiver, prosecutorial waiver, and legislative waiver. , 1996). Judicial Waiver Historically, transferring juveniles to adult criminal court has been accomplished most often through judicial waiver, whereby a juvenile court judge makes the key decision in the transfer process.