By Sandra Götz
This publication takes a brand new and holistic method of fluency in English speech and differentiates among efficient, perceptive, and nonverbal fluency. The in-depth corpus-based description of efficient fluency issues out significant transformations of ways fluency is tested in local and nonnative speech. It additionally finds parts during which even hugely complex newcomers of English nonetheless deviate strongly from the local aim norm and within which they've got already approximated to it. in response to those findings, chosen newbies are subjected to local audio system' scores of 7 perceptive fluency variables so as to try out which variables are such a lot answerable for a belief of oral skillability at the aspects of the listeners. eventually, language-pedagogical implications derived from those findings for the advance of fluency in learner language are awarded. This booklet is conceptually and methodologically correct for corpus-linguistics, learner corpus examine and international language educating and studying.
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Additional resources for Fluency in Native and Nonnative English Speech
Individual speaker variation and variation in the two speaker populations will be dealt with, as well. In the second part of Chapter 6, the fluencemes will be looked at in combination in order to investigate the extent to which (1) there are correlations between the investigated fluencemes and (2) certain speakers show similar fluency performances and can be summarized in distinctive native and nonnative fluency groups. Some language-pedagogical implications derived from these findings will be presented in the last part of Chapter 6.
The length of pauses, however, does not seem to be of great importance concerning a learner’s productive fluency, because it has been shown that “less fluent speakers, in general, do not make longer pauses than more fluent speakers, but they do pause more often” and also the “mean length of silent pauses seem[s] to have Chapter 2. Productive fluency almost no relation at all with perceived fluency” (Cucchiriani et al. 2002: 2870). g. Brand & Götz 2011). g. Grosjean & Deschamps 1975 for French learners of English; Derwing et al.
G. g. Cucchiarini et al. 2002). Grosjean and Deschamps 3. In the data analysis (see Chapter 6), when using unfilled pauses as a cut-off-point, I will use pauses <1 second. This is due to practical reasons, because no finer distinctions are made in the transcriptions of the corpora used. 85 syllables (in interviews). For spontaneous speech and quantified in words, Pawley and Syder (1983: 202) claim that “[t]here is in fact a sizeable collection of evidence of several different kinds that the largest unit of novel discourse that can be fully encoded in one encoding operation is a single clause of eight to ten words”.