By Mamdouh Shahin (auth.)
Africa, the cradle of many elderly civilizations, is the second one biggest international continent, and the fatherland of approximately one-eighth of the realm inhabitants. regardless of Africa’s richness in typical assets, the common source of revenue consistent with individual, after apart from a couple of international locations, is the bottom worldwide, and the share of population contaminated with contagious ailments is the top. improvement of Africa to assist accommodate the ever-increasing inhabitants and safe an affordable residing regular to all population, even though an immense problem is very beneficial. Water is the artery of lifestyles, with no all of it residing creatures on the earth can't live to tell the tale. As such, an intensive wisdom of the meteorological and hydrological strategies influencing the yield and caliber of the water assets, floor and subsurface, and their distribution and variability in time and house is unavoidable for the final improvement of any a part of the realm. it's hugely possible that the acknowledged wisdom is at this time a most sensible precedence to Africa, a continent that has been for thus long-and most likely still-devastated by means of the unending targets of colonial powers to not fail to remember the corruption and destruction practiced via the inner powers, not less than in a few international locations. the current e-book “Hydrology and Water assets of Africa” is written with the purpose of bringing jointly in a single quantity a good quantity of information any specialist fascinated by hydrology and water assets of Africa must know.
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Extra info for Hydrology and Water Resources of Africa
The other two estimates, which have been suggested by L’vovich (1974) and Gleick (1993), are nearly the same, each They lie halfway between the two extreme estimates. This situation has led us to proceed further by presenting the detailed figures included in the FAO estimate (1987) and the L’vovich estimate (1974). Table 2, Part I Appendix B, which contains the L’vovich and the FAO estimates, shows considerable disagreement between the respective figures for each country, no matter if the source of water is underground or surface.
The few missing estimates in the references have been supplemented using the general trends of population growth in the respective countries or islands. 6%. It goes without saying that the growth rate varies considerably from one country to another; e. 1% for Niger, Tanzania and Uganda, etc. INTRODUCTION 21 22 CHAPTER 1 : Stamp & Morgan (1972) give the population estimates for the years 1900,1920, 1930, 1940 and 1950 as 120, 141, 157, 176 and 206, (all in inhabitants), respectively. The same reference adds that the population of Africa in 1850 represented only 8% of the then world population.
From the Lualaba he continued his voyage to discover the main stream of the Congo down to its mouth on the Ocean. These discoveries motivated the Belgian Monarch then to develop strong ties with Stanley; a situation that enabled the King of Belgium to possess the Congo as one of his territories. Later Congo became a colony under the Belgian rule. In 1878-1880 and 1890-1891, the Scottish explorer J. Thompson passed Lake Nyassa, both on the north and the south, on his way to other Central African Lakes (Crul, 1997).